Marsabit County Livestock Trade And Markets Bill

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Goats in an enclosure at Merille livestock market

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Draft simplified version of The Marsabit County Livestock Trade and Markets Bill, 2016
1. INTRODUCTION
Marsabit County is one of the northeastern counties of Kenya where pastoralism is the major component that supports livelihood. Livestock trade is the backbone of Marsabit County. The county’s livestock has been valued at approximately 19 billion Kenya Shillings and livestock products produced within one year are worth 51 million Kenya Shillings (County Government of Marsabit, 2013). Despite frequent disruption by largely climate-induced cyclic droughts affecting the larger Horn of Africa, this sector is the main source of livelihood and is relied upon by up to 88% of the population in Marsabit County. Since 2015, the County’s livestock markets have been upgraded with modern, multi-million infrastructures with funding from County Government and various partners. However, there still lacks alternative, more accountable management mechanisms and policy and legislation to optimize the socio-economic benefits of livestock marketing.
Marsabit County Livestock Trade and Markets Bill will promote effective and sustainable development of livestock markets across the County. This bill will contribute to building resilience of county citizens through commercialization of livestock and opening of further markets within the county that enhances efficient livestock trade and marketing within the county.
2. OVERVIEW OF THE BILL
The purpose of the Marsabit County Livestock Trade and Markets Bill is to promote trading of the livestock and efficient administration of the livestock markets that enhances county livestock production, sales and resilience of the pastoralist.
3. OBJECTS OF THE BILL
The purpose and objects of this Act are as follow;
1. To establish livestock markets in the County
2. To promote livestock trade in the County
3. To provide for the administration and management of the livestock markets in the County
4. To promote effective and efficient operation of livestock markets; and
5. To provide linkages between livestock markets to other supportive business enterprises and services
4. KEY ELEMENTS OF THE BILL
The Marsabit County Livestock Trade and Markets Bill has the following key elements.
• Livestock markets
• Licensing
• Administration of the livestock markets
• Animal health
• Transportation and welfare of livestock
• Livestock sale and auction
• Financial provisions
• General provision
5. SUMMARY OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE BILL
S/N Element of the bill Current practices Proposed changes
1. Creation, regulation and management of livestock markets • No legislation exists to guide the establishment
• No standards for the livestock markets exists • Markets created through gazettement by CEC Member livestock matters
• Setting out of minimum standards for the markets
• PPP in markets development
• Livestock market operators
• Regulation on use, construction and management of livestock markets
2. Licensing • Adhoc licensing
• No legal framework for refusal or revocation of license • One-year license for livestock market users
• Lays grounds for refusal and revocation of market operator’s license
• Creation of caretaker committee in case of revocation/suspension of license
3. Administration of the livestock markets • Unregulated administration
• Harassment of livestock traders and market users • Creation of Marsabit County Livestock Markets Technical Committee with 3-year term
• Livestock market supervisor
• Clarity of the roles of Animal Health Inspector
4. Livestock transportation and welfare • No regulation of livestock transportation and welfare
• Handling and movement of sick and injured livestock not regulated • Transporters of livestock must possess a movement permit
• No movement or sale of unfit livestock
• Handling of livestock that does not cause injury
• Illegalizes livestock sale in collection and holding grounds
5. Livestock sale and auction • Livestock sold anywhere
• No clarity of various sale types • All livestock should be sold at designated livestock markets
• Introduces the various types of livestock sale
– regular sale
– sale by auction
– electronic trading and
– live weight sale
6. Financing of livestock trade and markets • none exists
• no regulation on sharing of livestock sale and markets revenue • Creation of Livestock Sector Trusts Fund run by a board of trustees
• provides for livestock trade and market revenue collection and sharing mechanism: community – 40%; CG-60%

6. CONCLUSION
This bill once enacted is expected to give guidance on the promotion of livestock trade and markets in Marsabit County, which is a devolved function of the county. Livestock trade and markets development is an important economic hub for the county, that is expected to create jobs to traders, service providers and many households within the county. The bill will also enhance fair livestock trade that discourages exploitation of the livestock farmers and promotes a conducive condition with relevant structures and sanitation requirements that are necessary in a market. Infrastructure improvements have led to increased sales and economic opportunities for local actors, creating a hub of activity and a host of new jobs.

 

 

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